Johann Schmaus, war Pflegesohn in der Familie des Baudirektors Kiš und baute viele Kirchen in der Batschka.
(Quellen: Heimatbücher Bulkes und Novi Vrbas/Neuwerbas)
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In memory of the 100 year Kirchweih (church fair) jubilee of the
Bulkes Evangelical community
As the already standing wooden prayer house was dilapidated at the time of the settlement, the community already made the unanimous decision in 1814 to build a new church with God's help. Their first concern, in addition to obtaining the necessary building materials as determined, was to fire 100,000 bricks for the time being. In the dispute of what costs do not apply for this the following was determined for the wording of the protocol: The owner of ¾ session of field (40.5 yokes of field) paid a huge amount of Metzen (Mtz) (62 liters of hollow mass) and 9/8 of fruit and 3 large Metzen of oats, the half-sessionist (27 yokes of field) one large Mtz. And 6/8 fruit and 2 large Mtz. Of oats, the ¼ sessionist (13.5 yokes of field) one large Mtz. And 3/6 of fruit and one large Mtz. Of oats, but a small homeowner one Mtz. Of fruit. But one fathom of straw should be given for each ¼ session to burn bricks. After the greater part of the bricks were fired they were given over to the community for the construction of the church which for the building contractor Johann Schmaus from Neuwerbas amounted to about 6,000 florints in Viennese currency for the masonry work.
On the 29th of September 1817 the foundation stone was laid and the construction was begun and by the end of October 1820 the beautiful building was finished with an inscription over the door: "Deo et DeVoton BULKeszenes DICant eVangeLICI" (God and the Reverence are consecrated by the Evangelical people of Bulkes in the year 1820.) This years's numbers are read out from the large Latin letters. How great was the belief and willingness to sacrifice to God of the fathers, it is apparent that from the year 1815 up until 1824 each house supplied annually 1 Mtz. of fruit and also from each ¼ session 1 Mtz. of fruit and 1 Mtz. of corn and 4 Mtz. of oats to the church construction, in addition to which contributions of money were donated.
In the year 1786 (the year of the settlement of Bulkes) 1000 people settled here which decreased to 500 people however up to the year 1798 as a result of the unfamiliar climate and the strenuous work in cultivating the ground caused epidemic illnesses. At the time of the church construction our community had 229 homes and 1500 inhabitants. Since the existence of our church there have been 10,611 children baptized in it, of which 5,488 were male and 5,153 were female. There were 2,788 couples married and 6,623 people died. Mortality prevailed in our community in 1836 when 106 people died of cholera and in 1848 and 49 when 170 people died of cholera. In the years 1872, 73, 74, 75, and 76 there were considerably more cases due to smallpox, cholera, typhoid, and fever. It is still a sad memory for all of us that in 1906 there were 77 children who were whisked away by scarlet fever and diphtheria.
When we consider how great the belief and willingness to sacrifice the devout forefathers were, how much courage, work, and money which they used to build this church, we should also feel worthy to protect this sad inheritance of the fathers, to keep its worth and love.
be very thankful from the heart, each who so Nicely supports, our church has so far, "hundred years" God is yours, praise and heartfelt thanks for it, let's hope to God that the church is preserved for us for a long time.sein".
For the "One hundredth Kirchweih festival" of the Evangelical community of
Melody: Freu' dich sehr o meine Seele!
(Enjoy yourselves very much my people!)
1. Our fathers trust in God, Remarks The text I have written down word for word from the anniversary paper for the one hundredth celebration of the Bulkes Kirchweih in the year 1920. The text of the church song was written particularly for this occasion. Peter Degen (Wendel's Peter, house no. 6) sent a copy to me. We hope that we find the original so it can be brought to the Donauschwaben Institute for History and Regional Studies in Tübingen to be archived.
And their great courage of sacrifice, drive you at once to build, this church as holy property, "hundred years" it is today, that it was consecrated by God, as the fathers celebrated with joy then as we do today.
Many couple were united, but also many already died, since the church was constructed, "hundred years" was always the same, whether they came poor or rich, each was comforted and blessed here, without making a distinction.
is still our God's house, full of pride and true love, we now call out with joy, "hundred years" now it stands, magnificently beautiful and undamaged thanks be to the fathers you decided, because they prescribed this house for us.
are already dusty and ashen, give us the church as a present, remains a memorial for evermore, and entrusted as the hereditary property, what happens depends on us, so that it should still stand for a long time.
that the war carried from this, never more do we hear ring out, the true bell tones, "hundred years" otherwise undamaged, still when courageous sacrifice sets in, and as once the fathers gave, we will soon have bells.
be very thankful from the heart, each who so Nicely supports, our church has so far, "hundred years" God is yours, praise and heartfelt thanks for it, let's hope to God that the church is preserved for us for a long time.
This anniversary festival paper is not to be confused with the festival writing for the 150 year festival of Bulkes from the year 1936. The Bulkes church was built in three years and as is well-known, in 1820 it was consecrated, 34 years after the settlement of Bulkes. In today's view, the time of the electronic era of televisions, mobile radios, and the internet, demand a proper amount of imagination itself to understand the combined great efforts at the time of settlement with the church construction. At the place of our present day close knit social network stands at the time the belief and the trust in God, the brotherly love and the preparedness to sacrifice for it. Towards the bitter need and the homesickness the settler sought comfort and support from God. They prayed in the prayer house, later in the church, the despair of the people. Necessity taught prayer, today in times of prosperity almost gone into oblivion.
And today, what has become of our church? The text of the fifth verse: "No longer do we hear the ringing of the true bell tones" which was a sad certainty for the last people of our community in April 1945. What qualities we have inheritited from the builders and our fathers is a symbol for us of one of the past consecrated village communities. At our traditional meeting in Kirchheim / Teck, from the stage painted on canvas we are alerted to the memories of Bulkes as it once was.
With the Titos AVNOJ decisions in state ptoperty the church interior was converted into a storehouse for agricultural products, but it has been owned by the church again since 1990. However I asked myself as I looked inside in 2001 how can the destitute owners of today make this a holy place again from the concrete rubble. Peter Degen learned from a former student collegue from Peterwatz that after a newspaper report the Bulkes church was transferred over to the Serbian Orthodox Church in 1990. Peter published this piece of news in the members paper of the Donauschwaben Countrymen of Germany in edition number 23 from the 1st of December, 1990 from which I quoted an excerpt here again.
In pursuit of the "Kulpiner Popen?" the building consecrated as the German Evangelical church since 1820 by the community of Maglic, the name of Bulkes since 1949, was transferred over to the Serbian Orthodox church. At the beginning of the year a published newspaper report followed to make a statement of the transfer of the Senior of the German Evangelical church in Yugoslavia, Prof. Dr. Vlados Deutsch, and of the bishop of the Slovakian Evangelical church, Dr. Beredji took place. Both agreed to the transfer.
As the embodiment of Bulkes rose itself high and proud over the trees in the sky of the distant plain and let each person of Bulkes be warm in the heart, when one from Silbasch can freely look at Maglic. We would like to keep this view for a long time.
The text I have written down word for word from the anniversary paper for the one hundredth celebration of the Bulkes Kirchweih in the year 1920. The text of the church song was written particularly for this occasion. Peter Degen (Wendel's Peter, house no. 6) sent a copy to me. We hope that we find the original so it can be brought to the Donauschwaben Institute for History and Regional Studies in Tübingen to be archived.